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In late 2010, Germany initiated the Energiewende, a major plan for transforming its energy system into a more efficient one supplied mainly by renewable energy sources. The country has adopted a strategy for an energy pathway to 2050, which includes an accelerated the phase-out of nuclear power by 2022.


Key recommendations, 2020

  • Expand the scope of the energy transition to all sectors

    Expand the scope and ambition of energy and climate policies beyond a focus on the electricity sector, especially to transport and heat, to achieve a genuine energy transition across all sectors.

  • Support the expansion of transmission lines

    Ensure the timely expansion and upgrading of transmission lines in order to improve system operations and integrate larger amounts of variable renewable electricity. Expedite the process of permitting and building new transmission lines to meet future transmission needs.

  • Foster energy savings in the transportation sector

    Adopt a more comprehensive approach to promoting reduced energy demand in transportation, including stronger incentives for cost-effective consumer adoption of alternative transport technologies and promotion of public and multi-modal transport.

  • Foster energy efficiency in the building sector

    久草影院Reform and strengthen measures targeting an increased renovation rate of existing buildings to foster energy efficiency improvements.

  • Strengthen energy security by diversifying energy sources and flexibility

    Bolster energy security through diversified gas imports, including LNG; ensure electricity security during the energy transition through flexibility and preparedness.

  • Promote and foster efficient sector coupling through economic incentives

    Remove the barriers that hinder efficient sector coupling, by fostering a level playing field across end-use sectors, including by removing fossil fuel tax breaks; introducing carbon pricing in non ETS sectors; and rebalancing taxes, levies and incentives, while fairly allocating costs and benefits across customer groups.