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Electric vehicles

With over 2% of global car sales, the electric car fleet is expanding quickly. Ambitious policy announcements have been critical in stimulating the electric mobility transition in major vehicle markets.

Ev Tall

Key findings

Electric car deployment in selected countries, 2013-2018

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Electric car deployment has been growing rapidly over the past ten years

The global stock of electric passenger cars passed 5 million in 2018, an increase of 63% from the previous year. Around 45% of electric cars on the road in 2018 were in China – a total of 2.3 million – compared to 39% in 2017. In comparison, Europe accounted for 24% of the global fleet, and the United States 22%.

Electric car market share in the Sustainable Development Scenario, 2000-2030

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Electric vehicles are one of the few technologies on track under the Sustainable Development Scenario

In 2018, sales increased 68%, more than twice the average year-on-year sales growth required to meet the SDS level by 2030. China was the world's largest market (just over 1 million electric cars sold in 2018), followed by Europe and the United States; the three regions made up over 90% of all sales in 2018. Norway continues to have the highest market share for sales, followed by Iceland and Sweden. Progress in decarbonising the power sector will accelerate the CO2 emission reduction benefits of electric vehicles.